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Malaysia Forex broker list

Broker Forex Terbaik untuk trader Malaysia

Bergelut dalam memilih broker forex yang aman dan bagus memang gampang-gampang susah. Seiring perkembangan pasar forex, sudah dipastikan jumlah broker forex juga semakin banyak. Hal ini otomatis akan mempersulit Anda untuk memilih broker forex yang terbaik, apalagi terpercaya.

Memilih broker forex yang tepat butuh strategi dan cara trading forex yang tepat pula. Bagaimanakah cara memilih broker forex terbaik?

Anda sebagai investor harus menganalisa tujuan investasi, jumlah dana yang akan diinvestasikan, jenis trading, jangka waktu kegiatan trading, strategi yang akan digunakan, dan juga pertimbangan toleransi risiko.

Broker forex yang akan membantu mengeksekusi perdagangan forex. Keuntungan yang diterima broker forex adalah melalui selisih antara bid dan ask, juga dari komisi atau biaya pada layanan mereka.

Cadangan Broker Forex Terbaik 2019


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Review I Open Account

 

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Hal-hal yang bisa Anda lakukan sebelum memilih Broker Forex Terbaik

1. Lakukanlah sejumlah riset

Hanya membaca ulasan broker berdasarkan rating bintang saja tidaklah menjamin.
Pertama, Anda harus menetapkan kriteria dan hal-hal yang perlu diharapkan dari suatu broker, dan apa yang Anda inginkan dari bisnis ini. Kemudian lakukan riset Anda sendiri.
Untuk mendukung riset Anda, Anda bisa membuat daftar pertanyaan untuk diajukan kepada calon broker forex Anda, antara lain:

– Currency pairs (asangan mata uang) apa yang akan Anda perdagangkan?
– Berapa spreads yang cocok bagi Anda (tetap, berubah, berapa pips)?
– Apakah Anda mau membayar komisi untuk trading forex?
– Tipe akun seperti apa yang akan Anda gunakan untuk investasi minimal (ukuran account)?
– Berapa l-everage yang Anda butuhkan?
– Alat Indikator apa yang Anda butuhkan untuk menjalankan trading?
– Platform trading apa yang dibutuhkan?
– Apakah Anda Scalper?
– Apakah Anda pemain Hedging?
– Apakah Anda butuh Trailing Stop?
– Apakah Anda butuh fitur eksekusi “one-click-trading” atau EA robots?
– Apakah Anda ingin fitur mobile trading?
– Apakah Anda peduli untuk memilih broker ECN / STP / Dealing Desk?
– Apakah Anda peduli tentang reputasi broker forex?
– Dengan cara apa Anda mengirim / menerima dana transfer (wire transfer, Paypal, credit card..dll)?
– Berapa banyak yang Anda siap untuk membayar biaya transfer menerima/membayar dana (deposit, withdraw)?
– Seberapa banyak kesiapan Anda menerima risiko kehilangan dana jika terjadi kerugian?

2. Pastikan broker forex terdaftar secara legal

Anda tidak akan menyerahkan uang dalam jumlah besar kepada orang yang hanya mengaku bahwa dirinya adalah sah/terdaftar secara legal.
Pastikan Anda memeriksa dan menganalisa broker forex tersebut pada badan-badan hukum bersangkutan. Di Indonesia, Anda bisa memeriksanya ke Badan Pengawas Perdagangan Berjangka Komoditi (BAPPEBTI), Bursa Berjangka Jakarta (BBJ), dan Kliring Berjangka Indonesia (KBI).

3. Memudahkan setor dan tarik dana

Tidak ada alasan bagi broker forex untuk mempersulit Anda dalam menarik dana. Broker yang baik akan mengusahakan agar Anda dapt semudah mungkin melakukan setor atau tarik dana.

4. Analisa platform

Dalam online trading forex, platform trading menjadi salah satu faktor penting dalam mencari broker forex terbaik, karena mayoritas aktivitas trading dilaksanakan melalui platform trading yang disediakan oleh broker forex.
Beberapa hal yang perlu dipertimbangkan ketika mencoba platform trading forex dari broker adalah:

– Apakah fitur-fitur yang disediakan dapat Anda gunakan dengan optimal atau tidak?
– Apakah disediakan informasi rekening? Ini memungkinkan Anda melacak dan mengelola transaksi trading secara efisien.
– Apakah disediakan charting tools (grafik harga) yang mudah dipahami?
– Dan apakah disediakan informasi lain yang dibutuhkan dalam trading Anda?

5. Pemenuhan Order (Eksekusi Order)

Broker forex punya kewajiban memenuhi order klien pada harga terbaik. Pada saat pasar berada dalam keadaan normal (normal likuiditas, tidak ada berita penting yang disiarkan, atau kejadian besar), tidak ada alasan bagi broker forex untuk tidak memenuhi order klien pada, atau setidaknya mendekati, harga pasar yang terlihat pada saat klien menekan tombol ‘beli’ atau ‘jual’ di komputer mereka.

Selain beberapa hal yang harus Anda perhatikan sebelum memilih broker forex terbaik, berikut adalah tips memilih broker forex yang asli dan terpercaya.

1. Memperbolehkan segala macam teknik trading, termasuk scalping, martingale, dll;
2. Memperbolehkan hedging atau locking;
3. Tidak memperbolehkan transfer dengan pihak ke 3, karena faktor keamanan dan legalitas money laundry (transfer harus dengan Bank Transfer langsung ditujukan ke perusahaan pialang yang bersangkutan, TIDAK BOLEH dengan media tidak legal seperti Liberty Reserve (LR), Voucher dan titip transfer dengan perorangan atau beda nama);
4. Leverage yang disediakan mulai dari 1:100. Idealnya adalah 1:200 atau max 1:400. Jangan lebih seperti 1:1000 karena itu justru akan meledakkan account trading Anda.
5. Ketahui lama berdirinya perusahaan broker tersebut. Minimum harus diatas 5 tahun.

Dengan melakukan trading forex, Anda sudah mempertaruhkan dana investasi yang tidak sedikit. Semakin besar imbal hasil, risiko pun semakin besar.

Maka bijaksanalah dalam memilih broker forex dan perusahaan perdagangan forex. Ingat, pilihlah broker forex dengan reputasi yang baik, dan jangan percaya dengan rating, awards dan sejenisnya yang menunjukkan mereka adalah broker terbaik. Kecuali yang memberi rating adalah lembaga yang benar-benar bisa dipercaya seperti Forbes, Fortune, INC, Barons, Deloitte. Diluar lembaga itu sebaiknya jangan.

Mengenal Tipe Broker Forex

Tahukah Anda, ada berapa banyak broker forex di dunia ini? Menurut sebuah riset oleh FinanceFeeds pada tahun 2016, ada 1,231 broker forex berbasis Metatrader di seluruh dunia. Banyaknya jumlah broker forex tentu membuat trader kebingungan memilih. Broker mana yang terbaik? Mana yang bagus untuk pemula? Mana pula yang paling bisa dipercaya? Memilih broker itu sebenarnya mudah saja jika Anda telah memahami aneka tipe broker forex dan mampu membandingkan layanan yang mereka sajikan.

Dilihat dari cara kerja sistemnya, ada dua tipe broker forex, yaitu broker dengan Dealing Desk (DD) dan tanpa Dealing Desk (NDD). Broker DD juga sering dijuluki broker bandar (Market Maker). Sedangkan, broker tipe NDD (bukan bandar) dapat digolongkan menjadi dua lagi, yakni Electronic Communication Network (ECN) dan Straight Through Processing (STP). Selain itu, ada pula broker forex yang menyediakan fasilitas DD dan NDD sekaligus, sehingga dijuluki broker Hybrid. Apa yang menandai perbedaan antar tipe broker forex ini? Mari simak ulasannya bersama-sama.

  • Broker dengan Dealing Desk (DD)

Broker DD bekerja dengan memposisikan diri sebagai counterparty dalam setiap transaksi trader dan mendapatkan keuntungan dari spread. Semua order trader akan masuk ke meja broker (Dealing Desk). Dapat dikatakan bahwa mereka “menciptakan pasar” sendiri, kemudian bertindak sebagai penjual maupun pembeli dalam pasar tersebut. Sistem ini sebenarnya lazim di kalangan bank-bank dan penyedia likuiditas besar, sehingga statusnya tetap legal. Namun, akan menjadi masalah ketika broker DD tidak teregulasi oleh sebuah lembaga pemerintah resmi, karena mereka bisa saja tergoda untuk memanipulasi harga agar trader merugi. Broker DD tak teregulasi yang sering memanipulasi harga ini disebut juga dengan istilah “Bucket Shop”.

tipe broker forex

Broker DD yang bonafide memiliki sejumlah keunggulan tersendiri. Beberapa ciri khas tipe broker forex ini antara lain:

  • Menawarkan eksekusi instan (instant execution).
  • Mampu menyediakan akun trading dengan syarat modal minimal sangat rendah.
  • Mampu menyediakan akun trading dengan ukuran lot sangat rendah seperti akun nano atau akun sen.
  • Mampu menyediakan beragam fasilitas di luar kewajaran seperti leverage hingga 1:1000 atau lebih tinggi lagi, fitur spread tetap (fixed spread), spread nol (zero spread), dan beragam promosi menarik.

Broker DD bisa menjadi pilihan bagi trader, jika mereka telah mengantongi ijin dari badan regulator yang kredibel, seperti NFA/CFTC Amerika Serikat, FCA Inggris, JFSA Jepang, dan ASIC Australia. Faktanya, beberapa broker terpopuler di dunia merupakan broker DD. Akan tetapi, trader perlu mewaspadai broker DD yang tak berijin atau hanya memiliki lisensi dari badan regulator tak terkenal.

Broker DD yang ijinnya jelek (Bucket Shop) dikenal mampu melakukan rekayasa seperti requote harga, stop loss hunting, dan server sering macet. Broker Bucket Shop juga kemungkinan mangkir melunasi penarikan dana trader dengan berbagai alasan, mulai dari menunda pembayaran hingga lebih dari dua pekan, memotong keuntungan trader, dan lain sebagainya. Pada awalnya, trader mungkin tertarik mendaftar ke broker Bucket Shop karena iming-iming bonus menggiurkan. Namun, pada akhirnya perolehan bonus itu bisa jadi lebih rendah ketimbang kerugian yang dihadapi gegara manipulasi broker.

  • Broker tanpa Dealing Desk (NDD)

Sesuai namanya, order trader yang masuk ke broker NDD tidak akan masuk ke meja broker, melainkan disalurkan ke pihak lain. Tipe broker forex NDD bekerja layaknya perantara antara trader dengan jaringan pasar interbank tempat terjadinya jual-beli forex. Broker NDD biasanya tidak memasang posisi melawan trader, sehingga keuntungan mereka utamanya bersumber dari mark-up spread dan komisi trading saja.

2. Broker Forex tanpa Dealing Desk (NDD)

Broker NDD bisa digolongkan lagi menjadi dua berdasarkan caranya mengoper order trader ke pihak lain:

  • Broker STP: Broker STP mengoper order trader ke sebuah “liquidity pool” yang terdiri dari banyak lembaga keuangan penyedia likuiditas (seperti bank-bank internasional, Hedge Funds, Prime Brokers, dll). Order trader akan dieksekusi berdasarkan posisi harga terbaik yang tersedia dalam “liquidity pool” tersebut.
  • Broker ECN: Broker ECN mengoper order trader ke jaringan bank-bank internasional dan penyedia likuiditas (liquidity provider) lain yang telah dibangunnya, sehingga order trader nantinya akan dijalankan sesuai dengan harga terbaik yang muncul di pasar tersebut.

Sepintas, keduanya mirip. Namun, broker ECN lebih transparan dibandingkan broker STP, karena semua trader ECN bisa melihat langsung posisi buy dan sell pemain pasar yang lain (disebut juga Depth of Market/DoM). Sedangkan broker STP tidak bisa menyediakan tampilan DoM, sehingga tak sedikit pula broker Bucket Shop berkedok STP.

Bagaimana dengan jenis akun, leverage, dan spread? Broker STP mirip dengan broker DD, karena sama-sama bisa memberikan leverage tinggi, jenis akun yang lebih variatif, dan bahkan fasilitas bebas komisi (free commission). Bagus atau tidaknya broker STP akan tergantung pada berapa banyak penyedia likuiditas yang tergabung dalam “liquidity pool”-nya. Jika hanya tersedia satu penyedia likuiditas saja, maka hampir tak ada bedanya broker STP ini dengan Market Maker.

Broker ECN umumnya memiliki aturan lebih ketat, karena terhubung dengan lebih banyak penyedia likuiditas. Leverage di broker ECN biasanya hanya mencapai maksimal 1:200, dengan syarat modal awal minimal USD200-500, dan beban komisi cukup tinggi. Keuntungannya, trader ECN dapat menyaksikan DoM dan menikmati spread sangat ketat (hingga 0 pip atau bahkan spread negatif).

  • Broker Hybrid

Mayoritas broker forex saat ini termasuk tipe Hybrid. Apa artinya? Artinya, mereka menerapkan semua sistem kerja, baik DD maupun NDD (STP/ECN). Hal ini bisa dilakukan karena satu broker menawarkan banyak jenis akun trading kepada trader. Setiap jenis akun bisa menerapkan sistem berbeda. Jadi, trader lah yang harus bersikap lebih teliti saat membuka akun di suatu broker.

broker trading forex

Misalnya ada suatu broker Hybrid menawarkan tiga jenis akun, yaitu akun sen, akun standar, dan akun ECN. Dalam situasi ini, dapat ditebak bahwa akun sen menerapkan sistem DD (Instant Execution), sedangkan akun standar dan akun ECN bersistem NDD (Market Execution). Lebih lanjut, akun standar bisa menerapkan sistem STP, sedangkan akun ECN bersistem ECN.

Kebanyakan broker forex masa kini telah bersikap transparan mengenai sistem kerja apa yang digunakannya dan penyedia likuiditas mana saja yang terhubung dengannya. Apabila infonya belum tersedia di website resmi broker, maka trader bisa menanyakan langsung kepada Customer Service (layanan pelanggan) mengenai apakah broker termasuk DD atau NDD, apakah suatu akun trading dilaksanakan dengan instant execution atau market execution, dan seterusnya.

Terlepas dari sistem kerja apa yang diterapkan oleh broker, satu hal yang wajib diperhatikan oleh trader adalah status perijinan broker forex. Broker yang perijinannya jelek bisa saja mengklaim dirinya STP ataupun ECN, padahal nyatanya Bucket Shop. Sebaliknya, tipe broker forex apapun yang perijinannya lengkap dan kredibilitasnya bagus, maka lebih bisa dipercaya. Prioritaskanlah untuk memilih broker forex yang regulatornya berasal dari suatu negara terkenal di dunia, bukan dari kawasan antah berantah yang bahkan Anda tak tahu lokasinya.

Kenapa Harus Trading Di Broker Forex yang Teregulasi ?

Pernahkah Anda mendengar promosi forex yang menjanjikan keuntungan luar biasa, hingga 20%, 30%, atau bahkan 100% dalam waktu singkat? Pendaftaran mudah, keuntungan raksasa, siapa yang tidak mau!? Namun, jika Anda menilik secara lebih teliti, maka pasti akan menemukan bahwa promosi-promosi semacam itu dibuat oleh broker forex yang tidak teregulasi. Mereka mudah membagikan janji-janji manis, karena tak terikat secara hukum untuk memenuhinya. Seandainya mereka membawa lari uang Anda sekalipun, takkan ada konsekuensi hukum bagi mereka.

Broker forex yang teregulasi tidak bisa menawarkan iming-iming menggiurkan seperti itu, karena ada badan khusus yang mengawasi operasionalnya. Bonus yang ditawarkan oleh broker forex teregulasi jarang sekali berupa uang tunai, melainkan lebih sering bersifat non-material, seperti training atau edukasi gratis, sewa VPS gratis, dan sinyal trading gratis. Broker forex yang teregulasi bahkan tidak diperbolehkan untuk menjanjikan keuntungan berlipatganda, karena selalu ada risiko dibalik setiap aktivitas investasi dan trading.

Meski demikian, Anda sebaiknya tetap memilih broker forex yang teregulasi. Mengapa demikian? Nggak ada bonus uang, nggak ada jaminan untung, apa bagusnya broker seperti itu? Perlu diketahui, broker forex yang teregulasi memiliki legalitas usaha. Kemanan dana Anda akan lebih terjamin, dan Anda juga mendapatkan perlindungan seandainya ada oknum broker yang melakukan tindak tercela. Untuk memahami alasan selengkapnya, simaklah tiga (3) alasan kenapa harus trading di broker forex yang teregulasi berikut ini:

  • Legalitas Broker Terjamin Secara Hukum

Mari ibaratkan Anda ingin menyimpan uang di bank, maka Anda pasti akan datang ke mencari tahu reputasi bank, datang ke kantor bank tersebut, kemudian baru membuka rekening tabungan di sana. Sebuah bank yang kredibel pasti memiliki reputasi yang baik dan alamat kantor yang jelas. Hal yang sama berlaku saat Anda akan mendaftar ke suatu broker forex, walaupun Anda akan mendaftar secara online dan tidak datang langsung ke kantornya.

forex broker teregulasi terbaik

Sebuah broker forex dikatakan telah teregulasi jika sudah memiliki ijin resmi, sehingga usahanya pasti legal dan alamatnya jelas. Regulator juga akan senantiasa memantau aktivitas broker tersebut. Apabila broker forex tersebut melakukan tindakan tercela atau memiliki reputasi tak sedap, regulator pasti akan melakukan investigasi, kemudian mengenakan sanksi atau denda. Hukuman paling berat bisa sampai mencabut ijin broker dan menyeretnya ke pengadilan.

Broker forex yang teregulasi juga harus menyediakan alur penyelesaian sengketa yang jelas bagi trader. Umpama Anda menemui ada masalah dengan Account Manager atau platform trading, maka internal perusahaan harus dapat menyelesaikannya dengan cepat. Ketika Anda merasa tak puas, maka dapat mengajukan permohonan penyelesaian sengketa ke regulator agar dimediasi atau dilakukan investigasi.

Jaminan hukum seperti itu takkan dinikmati oleh trader di broker yang tidak teregulasi. Jangankan memiliki ijin resmi, alamat kantor broker yang tak teregulasi saja umumnya berlokasi di negara antah-berantah atau sekedar PO BOX yang tidak jelas kepemilikannya. Sekalipun mereka mencantumkan suatu alamat tertentu di negara ternama, alamat itu boleh jadi palsu dan kantornya tidak benar-benar berada di lokasi tersebut. Ketika terjadi masalah, polisi tidak akan bisa membantu Anda, karena para penipu berkedok broker itu sudah melarikan diri dan tak ada jejak yang bisa diusut.

  • Keamanan Dana Trader

Saat menyimpan dana di bank maupun berinvestasi lewat broker, satu hal yang perlu Anda lakukan adalah menjamin agar dana Anda tidak disalahgunakan oleh bank atau broker. Bagaimana caranya? Hanya ada satu cara saja, yaitu dengan memastikan Anda hanya mendaftar ke broker forex yang teregulasi secara resmi.

Regulator forex di belahan dunia manapun pasti mengharuskan broker untuk menyimpan dana trader dalam rekening terpisah dari rekening perusahaan broker. Hal ini dikenal dengan istilah “Segregated Account”. Dana trader yang disetorkan ke Segregated Account akan disimpan di bawah pengawasan bank kustodian, sehingga broker forex tidak bisa membawa lari dana trader seenaknya.

Jaminan keamanan dana seperti ini tidak akan bisa disediakan oleh broker forex yang tidak teregulasi. Meskipun seandainya broker itu mengklaim bahwa semua dana trader disimpan di Segregated Account, tak ada yang bisa menjamin kebenarannya, karena sekedar pernyataan sepihak tanpa bukti maupun klarifikasi pihak lain sama sekali.

forex broker terpercaya yang teregulasi resmi

  • Operasional Broker Diawasi oleh Regulator

Setelah menyetorkan modal trading ke broker forex, Anda akan mulai melakukan analisis dan aktivitas jual beli melalui platform trading yang diberikan oleh broker. Broker forex yang tidak teregulasi bisa saja mengutak-atik platform tersebut untuk mencegah Anda menang, atau bahkan merekayasa alasan untuk memotong keuntungan Anda. Namun, broker forex teregulasi akan mendapatkan sanksi dari regulator, jika mereka berani melakukan manuver seperti itu.

Regulator menuntut broker forex untuk membuat laporan secara rutin, atau melakukan inspeksi mendadak atas aktivitas operasional mereka. Dengan demikian, kejanggalan dalam operasional mereka dapat diinvestigasi meski tak ada tuntutan dari trader. Banyak contoh kasus seperti ini. Salah satunya, ada broker teregulasi AS yang ketahuan tak membayar swap kepada trader-nya, sehingga dikenai sanksi oleh CFTC (regulator forex di AS) dan diperintahkan untuk membayarkan swap terhutang kepada trader. Sebelum munculnya kasus tersebut, tak ada seorangpun trader-nya yang merasa dicurangi, karena intrik-intrik berlangsung di balik layar.

Di bawah pengawasan regulator, broker forex juga tidak akan diperbolehkan untuk membuat promosi menyesatkan. Beberapa regulator bahkan mengharuskan broker untuk memasang peringatan risiko (disclaimer) dalam aktivitas pemasarannya. Mengapa broker harus memberitahukan disclaimer dan tak boleh bikin promosi menyesatkan? Aktivitas investasi dan trading forex merupakan kegiatan berisiko tinggi dimana Anda bisa memperoleh keuntungan besar ataupun menanggung kerugian besar. Unsur ketidakpastian ini perlu dipahami oleh trader agar tidak terjebak oleh iming-iming menyesatkan.

Nah, setelah mengetahui ketiga alasan untuk trading di broker forex yang teregulasi ini, apakah Anda masih tertarik pada promo broker abal-abal!? Di dunia investasi, setiap orang menanggung risikonya sendiri. Sah-sah saja jika Anda tetap bersikeras ingin mendaftar ke broker yang tak teregulasi. Namun, hanya broker forex yang teregulasi saja yang bisa menyediakan jaminan hukum, jaminan keamanan, dan kelancaran trading.

 

 

 

 

Make Money Trading Forex, Currency Trading

Now, you can make money online with Forex trading in the global Forex trading market which is the world's largest, most profitable, most powerful and most persistent trading market. For those who do not know it yet, FOREX an abbreviation for "FOReign EXchange" or "foreign currency exchange". Foreign exchange is the purchase or sale of a currency against sale or purchase of another.

The FOREX market is the global interbank market where all currencies are traded. "NagaForex.com" will help you to become one of the top "Forex Traders" with our basic information on forex trading, in addition to other forex articles, forex tools, best forex books in the market, latest up-to-date forex trading news. Also, we will provide you with the best forex trading systems and forex brokers who are responsive to your individual needs as a forex trader.

What is FOREX?

Foreign Exchange (ForEex) trading is simply the exchanging of one currency for another - Each Forex trade can theoretically be viewed as a 'spread ' trade where to buy one currency you must sell another. Convention dictates that currencies are measured in units per 1 USD. For example, 1 USD is worth approximately 125 JPY (Japanese Yen) or 1 USD is worth approximately 1.5000 CHF (Swiss Francs). As a result, when USD/JPY appreciates in value, it is the USD that has appreciated in value relative to the JPY and not vice-versa. Position-wise, to own or be 'Long' USDJPY means that you are long the USD and concurrently short the JPY. USD, therefore, is the default 'lead' currency.

About Foreign Exchange Market

The Foreign Exchange market, also referred to as the "Forex" or "FX" market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average turnover of well over US$1 trillion -- 30 times larger than the combined volume of all U.S. equity markets. "Foreign Exchange" is the simultaneous buying of one currency and selling of another. There are two reasons to buy and sell currencies. About 5% of daily turnover is from companies and governments that buy or sell products and services in a foreign country or must convert profits made in foreign currencies into their domestic currency. The other 95% is trading for profit, or speculation. For speculators, the best trading opportunities are with the most commonly traded (and therefore most liquid) currencies, called "the Majors." Today, more than 85% of all daily transactions involve trading of the Majors, which include the US Dollar, Japanese Yen, Euro, British Pound, Swiss Franc, Canadian Dollar and Australian Dollar.

A true 24-hour market, Forex trading begins each day in Sydney, and moves around the globe as the business day begins in each financial center, first to Tokyo, London, and New York. Unlike any other financial market, investors can respond to currency fluctuations caused by economic, social and political events at the time they occur - day or night. The FX market is considered an Over The Counter (OTC) or 'interbank' market, due to the fact that transactions are conducted between two counterparts over the telephone or via an electronic network. Forex Trading is not centralized on an exchange, as with the stock and futures markets. The foreign exchange market is not a "market" in the traditional sense. There is no centralized location for trading as there is in futures or stocks. Trading occurs over the telephone and on computer terminals at thousands of locations worldwide.

Foreign Exchange is also the world's largest and deepest market. Daily market turnover has skyrocketed from approximately 5 billion USD in 1977 to a staggering 1.5 trillion US dollars today; even more on an active day. Most foreign exchange activity consists of the spot business between the US dollar and the six major currencies (Japanese Yen, Euro, British Pound, Swiss Franc, Canadian Dollar and Australian Dollar) The FOREX market is so large and is controlled by so many participants that no one player, governments included, can directly control the direction of the market, which is why the FOREX market is the most exciting market in the world. Central banks, private banks, international corporations, money managers and speculators all deal in FOREX trading.

Benefits of Trading Spot FX

LIQUIDITY: FOREX investors never have to worry about being "stuck" in a position due to a lack of market interest. In this US$1.5 trillion dollar per day market, major international banks are always willing to provide both a bid (buying) and ask (selling) price. Liquidity is a powerful attraction to any investor as it suggests the freedom to open or close a position at will. Because the market is highly liquid, most trades can be executed at a single market price. This avoids the problem of slippage found in futures and other exchange-traded instruments where only limited quantities can be traded at one time at a given price. The six major currencies (JPY, EUR, CHF, GBP, CAD & AUD) are generally considered to be the most liquid.

LEVERAGE: FOREX investors are permitted to trade foreign currencies on a highly leveraged basis - up to 100 times their investment with some brokers. An investment of US $10,000 would permit one to trade up to US $1,000,000 worth of any particular currency.

HOURS:  A substantial attraction for participants in the FOREX market is that it is open 24 hours per day. An individual can react to news when it breaks, rather than waiting for the opening bell when everyone else has the same information, as is the case in many markets. This may enable market participants to take positions before an important piece of information is fully factored into the exchange rate. High liquidity and 24 hour trading allow market participants to exit or open a new position regardless of the hour.

SIZE FLEXIBILITY:  FOREX investors have greater flexibility with respect to their desired trade quantity. With most FOREX Brokers you can trade ANY DESIRED AMOUNT over $25,000 USD, specifically tailored to your needs or risk tolerance. Size or quantity flexibility can be especially useful to corporate treasurers who need to hedge a future cash flow or portfolio managers who need to hedge foreign equity exposure.

SETTLEMENT FLEXIBILITY:  This concept, a corollary to point # 4, allows you to trade for various settlement dates or 'maturities' out to 1 year further allowing you to tailor your trades or hedges to your specific needs. This feature of trading FOREX differs from futures where settle dates are relegated to 4 'expirations' per year, and can also be quite useful to corporate treasurers and portfolio managers.

NEVER A 'BEAR' MARKET: Another advantage of the FOREX market is that there is no 'bear' market, per se. Currencies are traded in pairs, for example US dollar vs. yen or US dollar vs. Swiss franc. Every position involves the selling of one currency and the buying of another. If one believes the Swiss franc will appreciate against the dollar, one can sell dollars and buy Swiss francs. Or if one holds the opposite belief, one can buy dollars for Swiss francs. The potential for profit exists as long as there is movement in the exchange rate or price. One side of the pair is always gaining, and provided the investor picks the right side, a potential for profit ALWAYS exists.

FREE AND FAIR FLOW OF INFORMATION: Ever notice in the stock market that a certain stock is suddenly down 5% or more but you have absolutely no idea what caused such a quick spike? Usually, it's not until the next morning when you read it in the newspaper that you find out that earnings forecasts have been revised downward; or that an insider at a particular company has resigned; or that some other influential piece of information was released that you were not privy to. Imagine how much money you could have saved had you known this vital information at the same time as all other market 'insiders.' - Or how much you could even have earned in profit by acting in a timely manner… Imagine a market where there is little or no 'inside information' and all pertinent, market-moving news is released publicly to everybody in the world at the same time… Welcome to the foreign exchange market.

Cash FX vs. Currency Futures

As an investor it is important for you to understand the differences between cash FOREX and currency futures. In currency futures, the contract size is predetermined. With FOREX (SPOT FX), you may trade any desired amount typically above $100,000 USD The futures market closes at the end of the business day (similar to the stock market) If important data is released overseas while the U.S. futures markets is closed, the next day's opening might sustain large gaps with potential for large losses if the direction of the move is against your position. The Spot FOREX market runs continuously on a 24-hour basis from 7:00 am New Zealand time Monday morning to 5:00 pm New York Time Friday evening. Dealers in every major FX trading center (Sydney, Tokyo, Hong Kong/Singapore, London, Geneva and New York/Toronto) ensure a smooth transition as liquidity migrates from one time zone to the next. Furthermore, currency futures trade in non-USD denominated currency amounts only whereas in spot FOREX, an investor can trade either in currency denominations, or in the more conventionally quoted USD amounts. The currency futures pit, even during Regular IMM (International Money Market) hours suffers from sporadic lulls in liquidity and constant price gaps. The spot FOREX market offers constant liquidity and market depth much more consistently than Futures. With IMM futures one is limited in the currency pairs he can trade - Most currency futures are traded only versus the USD - With spot forex, (as with MoneyTec Trader) one may trade foreign currencies vs. USD or vs. each other on a 'cross' basis as well - ex: EURJPY, GBPJPY, CHFJPY, EURGBP and AUDNZD.

Who Are Forex Market Participants?

Banks
The interbank market caters for both the majority of commercial turnover as well as enormous amounts of speculative trading every day. It is not uncommon for a large bank to trade billions of dollars on a daily basis. Some of this trading activity is undertaken on behalf of customers, but a large amount of trading is also conducted by proprietary desks, where dealers are trading to make the bank profits. The interbank market has become increasingly competitive in the last couple of years and the god-like status of top foreign exchange traders has suffered as the equity guys are back in charge again. A large part of the banks' trading with each other is taking place on electronic brooking systems that have negatively affected the traditional foreign exchange brokers.

Interbank Brokers
Until recently, the foreign exchange brokers were doing large amounts of business, facilitating interbank trading and matching anonymous counterparts for comparatively small fees. Today, however, a lot of this business is moving onto more efficient electronic systems that are functioning as a closed circuit for banks only. Still, the broker box providing the opportunity to listen in on the ongoing interbank trading is seen in most trading rooms, but turnover is noticeably smaller than just a year or two ago.

Customer Brokers
For many commercial and private clients, there is a need to receive specialised foreign exchange services. There is a fair amount of non-banks offering dealing services, analysis and strategic advice to such clients. Many banks do not undertake trading for private clients at all, and do not have the necessary resources or inclination to support medium sized commercial clients adequately. The services of such brokers are more similar in nature to other investment brokers and typically provide a service-orientated approach to their clients.

Investors and Speculators

As in all other efficient markets, the speculator performs an important role taking over the risks that commercial participants do not wish to be exposed to. The boundaries of speculation are unclear, however, as many of the above mentioned participants also have speculative interests, even some of the central banks. The foreign exchange markets are popular with investors due to the large amount of leverage that can be obtained and the ease with which positions can be entered and exited 24 hours a day. Trading in a currency might be the "purest" way of taking a view on an overall local market expectation, much simpler than investing in illiquid emerging stock markets. Taking advantage of interest rate differentials is another popular strategy that can be efficiently undertaken in a market with high leverage.

Commercial Companies

The commercial companies' international trade exposure is the backbone of the foreign exchange markets. Protection against unfavourable moves is an important reason why these markets are in existence, although it sometimes appears to be a chicken and egg situation - which came first and which produces the other? Commercial companies often trade in sizes that are insignificant to short term market moves, however, as the main currency markets can quite easily absorb hundreds of millions of dollars without any big impact. But it also clear that one of the decisive factors determining the long-term direction of a currency's exchange rate is the overall trade flow. Some multinational companies can have an unpredictable impact when very large positions are covered, however, due to exposures that are not commonly known to the majority of market participants.

Central Banks

The national central banks play an important role in the foreign exchange markets. Ultimately, the central banks seek to control the money supply and often have official or unofficial target rates for their currencies. As many central banks have very substantial foreign exchange reserves, the intervention power is significant. Among the most important responsibilities of a central bank is the restoration of an orderly market in times of excessive exchange rate volatility and the control of the inflationary impact of a weakening currency. Frequently, the mere expectation of central bank intervention is sufficient to stabilise a currency, but in case of aggressive intervention the actual impact on the short term supply/demand balance can lead to the desired moves in exchange rates. It is by no means always that a central bank achieves its objectives, however. If the market participants really wants to take on a central bank, the combined resources of the market can easily overwhelm any central bank. Several scenarios of this nature were seen in the 1992-93 ERM collapse and in more recent times South East Asia.

Hedge Funds

Hedge funds have gained a reputation for aggressive currency speculation in recent years. There is no doubt that with the increasing amount of money some of these investment vehicles have under management, the size and liquidity of foreign exchange markets is very appealing. The leverage available in these market allow such fund to speculate with tens of billions at a time and the herd instinct that is very apparent in hedge fund circles means that getting Soros and friends on your back is less than pleasant for a weak currency and economy. It is unlikely, however, that such investments would be successful if the underlying investment strategy was not sound and therefore it is argued that hedge funds actually perform a beneficial service by exploiting and exposing unsustainable financial weaknesses, forcing realignment to more realistic levels.

What Influences the Market?

The primary factors that influence exchange rates are the balance of international payments for goods and services, the state of the economy, political developments as well as various other psychological factors. In addition, fundamental economic forces such as inflation and interest rates will constantly influence currency prices. In addition Central banks sometimes participate in the FOREX market by buying extremely large sums of one currency for another - this is referred to as Central Bank intervention. Central banks can also influence currency prices by changing their country's short-term interest rate to make it relatively more or less attractive to foreigners. Any of these broad-based economic conditions can cause sudden and dramatic currency price swings. The fastest moves, however, occur usually when information is released that is unexpected by the market at large. This is a key concept because what drives the currency market in many cases is the anticipation of an economic condition rather than the condition itself.

Activities by professional currency managers, generally on behalf of a pool of funds, have also become a factor moving the market. While professional managers may behave independently and view the market from a unique perspective, most, if not all, are at least aware of important technical chart points in each major currency. As the market approaches major 'support' or 'resistance' levels, price-action becomes more technically oriented and the reactions of many managers are often predictable and similar. These market periods may also result in sudden and dramatic price swings. Traders make decisions on both technical factors and economic fundamentals. Technical traders use charts to identify trading opportunities whereas fundamentalists predict movements in exchange rates by interpreting a wide variety of data, which range from breaking news to economic reports.

The History of FOREX Trading

Many centuries ago, the value of goods were expressed in terms of other goods. This sort of economics was based on the barter system between individuals. The obvious limitations of such a system encouraged establishing more generally accepted mediums of exchange. It was important that a common base of value could be established. In some economies, items such as teeth, feathers even stones served this purpose, but soon various metals, in particular gold and silver, established themselves as an accepted means of payment as well as a reliable storage of value. Coins were initially minted from the preferred metal and in stable political regimes, the introduction of a paper form of governmental I.O.U. during the Middle Ages also gained acceptance. This type of I.O.U. was introduced more successfully through force than through persuasion and is now the basis of today’s modern currencies. Before the first World war, most Central banks supported their currencies with convertibility to gold. Paper money could always be exchanged for gold. However, for this type of gold exchange, there was not necessarily a Centrals bank need for full coverage of the government's currency reserves. This did not occur very often, however when a group mindset fostered this disastrous notion of converting back to gold in mass, panic resulted in so-called "Run on banks " The combination of a greater supply of paper money without the gold to cover led to devastating inflation and resulting political instability. In order to protect local national interests, increased foreign exchange controls were introduced to prevent market forces from punishing monetary irresponsibility. Near the end of WWII, The Bretton Woods agreement was reached on the initiative of the USA in July 1944. The conference held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire rejected John Maynard Keynes suggestion for a new world reserve currency in favor of a system built on the US Dollar. International institutions such as the IMF, The World Bank and GATT were created in the same period as the emerging victors of WWII searched for a way to avoid the destabilizing monetary crises leading to the war. The Bretton Woods agreement resulted in a system of fixed exchange rates that reinstated The Gold Standard partly, fixing the US Dollar at 35.00 per ounce of Gold and fixing the other main currencies to the dollar, initially intended to be on a permanent basis. The Bretton Woods system came under increasing pressure as national economies moved in different directions during the 1960’s. A number of realignments held the system alive for a long time but eventually Bretton Woods collapsed in the early 1970’s following president Nixon's suspension of the gold convertibility in August 1971. The dollar was not any longer suited as the sole international currency at a time when it was under severe pressure from increasing US budget and trade deficits. The last few decades have seen foreign exchange trading develop into the worlds largest global market. Restrictions on capital flows have been removed in most countries, leaving the market forces free to adjust foreign exchange rates according to their perceived values. In Europe, the idea of fixed exchange rates had by no means died. The European Economic Community introduced a new system of fixed exchange rates in 1979, the European Monetary System. This attempt to fix exchange rates met with near extinction in 1992-93, when built-up economic pressures forced devaluations of a number of weak European currencies. The quest continued in Europe for currency stability with the 1991 signing of The Maastricht treaty. This was to not only fix exchange rates but also actually replace many of them with the Euro in 2002. Today, Europe is currently in the Euros third and final stage, where exchange rates are fixed in the 12 participating Euro countries but still use their existing currencies for commercial transactions. The physical introduction of the Euro will be between January 1, 2002 and July 1, 2002. At that point the old countries currencies will be obsolete. In Asia, the lack of sustainability of fixed foreign exchange rates has gained new relevance with the events in South East Asia in the latter part of 1997, where currency after currency was devalued against the US dollar, leaving other fixed exchange rates in particular in South America also looking very vulnerable. While commercial companies have had to face a much more volatile currency environment in recent years, investors and financial institutions have discovered a new playground. The size of the FOREX market now dwarfs any other investment market. It is estimated that more than USD 1,600 Billion are traded every day, that is the same amount as almost 40 times the daily USD volume on the American NASDAQ market.

 

Learn Forex Trading

Forex Trading

Forex trading online, the process of trading foreign currencies via the internet, though a relatively new form of investing, has quickly become one of today's largest growing investment markets. Due to its high level of liquidity, simple execution, low transaction fees, and the fact that it is open year-round, 24 hours a day, the foreign currency trading market, otherwise known as forex trading, is extremely attractive to investors. Free of barriers to trade, forex trading offers the most equitable trading arena for all levels of customer. As you begin forex trading it is important to understand that, like all other forms of trading, there is risk involved with investments.

Forex Trading Basics.

Foreign Exchange trading, better known as Forex trading, is the concurrent buying of one currency while selling another. Forex trading is based on the movements of a set of currencies that are sold in currency pairs, where one currency is the base and one is the counter or quote currency. It also puts the currencies in terms of one currency's supply compared to the other currency’s demand. The gains or loss on a trade are based on the relative movements of the currencies within each currency pair. Pips or points are the numerical way in which the movements of currencies are quoted, positive movements being gains, negative movements reflecting losses. There are countless tools, and strategies associated with currency trading, and when first beginning, it is important to understand these tools before implementing any of them in trading strategies. Here is a list of the more popularly used Forex Trading Tools.

Technical and Fundamental Analysis.

In basic terms, there are two ways to analyze a currency trade. Reading and being well acquainted with political and financial news in terms of interest rate adjustments, international trade, and the general economic welfare of countries (GDP), are associated with what is called fundamental analysis, and are something for all traders to consider. The second type of trading is the technical analysis approach, which incorporates mathematical time charts and graphs that utilize historical currency movements to make predictions in the future. After determining whether fundamental trading, technical trading, or a combination of the two is appropriate, novice traders should test them on a forex demo account. This allow you to see the results of your strategies without risking your investments. From there it is easier to determine how risk-adverse a trader you are, and where you should place your stop/limit orders. Stops and limit orders are prearranged prices indicating positions, maximums and minimums, when traders would want to exit the markets, to hedge against massive losses. But above all, traders must realize that what they are willing to risk should also be what they are willing to lose.

The Establishment of Exchange Rates

Developing global currency values and the rates that they are traded are a result of many events, both concrete and psychological. Speculative foreign exchange in the 1970’s made up only 20% of total global foreign exchange transactions. Today it represents over 95% of current transactions. Currency trading has lead to huge amounts of money being changing hands on a daily basis as investors buy and sell currencies against each other. Many factors affect the value of a country’s currency including business cycles, political events, governmental and central bank monetary policies, stock market fluctuations, and international investment patterns.

Online Currency Trading

Since Forex trading is easily done through several means of communication, on-line trading being the most popular to date, it makes for lower transaction costs compared to other forms of trading such as equities or futures. Forex prices are also extremely transparent, due largely to the creation of the online trading platform. Both the transparency and low transaction fees make for even greater profit opportunities in currency trading. Traders have the ability to jump in and out of the forex market with great ease and large amounts of capital are not required to start forex trading. Currency prices are also not as volatile and usually move in strong trends thus reducing the risk that investors bear. Its size, liquidity, reliability, and tendency to move in strong trends make risk management easy for forex traders, enticing more and more people to trade currency. To trade forex you need an FX Trading Platform. Use an established and regulated company to make your trades with.

 

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